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Glossary of Terms
American Wire
Gauge (AWG)
  A standard system for measuring wire gauge primarily used in the United States.
Ampacity:   See current carrying capacity.
Annealed Wire:   Wire which after drawdown has been heated and slowly cooled to remove the effects of cold working.
Armored Cable:   A cable provided with a wrapping of metal, usually steel wires or tapes, primarily for the purpose of mechanical protection.
AWG Equivalent :   The American Wire Gauge round-conductor number that is used to designate a flat conductor with an equal cross-sectional area.
Bellmouth:   The raised portion at the front and/or back of the wire barrel crimp that provides a gradual entrance and exit for the wire strands without causing damage.
Binder:   A spirally served tape or thread used for holding assembled components in place awaiting subsequent manufacturing operations.
Boot:   A form placed around wire termination of a multiple-contact connector to contain the liquid potting compound before it hardens. Also, a protective housing usually made from a resilient material to prevent entry of moisture into a connector. Cn also be preformed, heat shrinkable and can be purchased with self-adhesive or bonded with an adhesive.
Braid:   Woven bare metallic or tinned copper wire used as shielding for wires and cables and as ground wire for batteries or heavy industrial equipment. Also, a woven fibrous protective outer covering over a conductor or cable.
Braid Angle:   The smaller of two angles formed by the shielding strand the axis of the cable being shielded.
Braid Carrier :   A spool or boobin on a braider which holds one group of strands or filaments consisting of a specific number of ends. the carrier revolves during braiding operations.
Braid Ends:   The number of strainds used to make up one carrier. The strands are wound side by side on the carrier bobboin and lie parallet in the finished braid.
Breakdown Voltage:   The voltage at which the insulation between two conductors ruptures.
Breakout:   The point at which a conductor or group of conductors is separated from a multiconductor cable or wiring harness to complete circuits as other points.
BusBar Wire:   Uninsulated tinned copper wire used as a common lead.
Butt Splice:   Device for joining conductors by butting them end to end
Cable, Clamp:   A device used to give mechanical support to the wire bundle or cable at the rear of a plug or receptacle.
Cable, Coaxial (1):   A cable consisting of two cylindrical conductors with a common axis separated by a dielectric.
Cable, Coaxial (2): * A cable in the form of a central wire surrounded by a conductor tubing or sheathing that serves as shield and return.
Cable, Flat (1):   Any cable with two smooth or corrugated but essentially flat surfaces.
Cable, Flat (2): * Two or more parallel, round or flat, conductors that are contained in the insulating base material.
Cable, Flat Conductor:    A planar construction with tow or more flat conductors.
Cable, Flat, Margin: * The distance between the reference edge of a flat cable and athe nearest edge of the first conductor.
Cable, Refernce Edge: * The edge of a cable or conductor form which measurements are made.
Cable, Ribbon (1):    A flat cable of individually insulated conductors lying parallel and held by adhesive film laminate.
Cable, Ribbon (2): * A flat cable with round conductors.
Cable, Transmission: * Two or more transmission lines in the form of an interconnection-wiring cable.
Cable/Harness, Indoor Use
(Also Harness):
  Product intended and designed for indoor use only.
Cable/Harness Outdoor Use
(Also Harness):
  Outdoor Use Cables/Harnesses: Product expected to withstand elements of wheather.
Camber: * The planar deflection of a flat cable or flexible laminate from a straight line.
Circular Mil:   The area of a circle one mil [0.001 in] in diameter; 7.845 x 10¨7 sq. in. Used in expressing wire cross sectional area.
Circular Mil Area:   Cross-sectional area of a current carrying portion of a conductor expressed in circular mils.
Circumferential Crimp:   Final configuration of a terminal barrel made when crimping dies completely surround the barrel and form symetrical indentations.
Closing:   An operation where all leads are to be covered and the jacket insulations is captured by a type of hood or cover.
CMA:   See Circular Mil Area
Cold Flow:   Deformation of the insulation as a result of mechanical force or pressure (not due to heat softening).
Compression Connector:   Connector crimped by an externally applied force; the conductor is also crimped by such force inside the tube-like connector body. Compression connectors are in very intimate contact with the two ends of the conductors being spliced.
Concentricity:   In a wire or cable, concentricity is the measurement of the location of the center of the conductor with respect to the geometric center of the surrounding insulation.
Conductor :   An uninsulated wire or the conductor of an insulated wire suitable for carrying electrical current.
Conductor, Flat: * A rectangular conductor that is wider than it is high.
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